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March 27, 2017

The point of the story is not in these. Church Pulpit Commentary. Also, the pattern of a three-day stay in an area when pursuing escapees has support in ancient eastern sources; for example the instructions to the Hittite tower commanders specify that if an enemy invades a place he must be pursued for three days. Silence is oft no small virtue; and he is a rare man who can both keep and give counsel. And not only on philological grounds is the rendering hostess untenable, but oriental customs are against such an interpretation. Joshua sent those men that they might be convinced even before the victory, what the Lord would do. I shall subjoin a few proofs. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". [ 2:1 ¶ And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, Go view the land, even Jericho. But the vav consecutive with which this verse begins ( וישׁלח ) is properly rendered Then sent Joshua, etc., and a pluperfect rendering will not materially relieve the difficulty stated in Joshua 1:11. DD. "Commentary on Joshua 2:1". Sent; or, had sent, as that tense is oft used. These passages point out her real living faith, which was manifested by her works which followed. The main problem archaeologically speaking is that after its capture by Joshua it was not rebuilt as a city, largely because of the curse that he put on it, for over four hundred years. Nymphodorus, quoted by the ancient scholiast on the Oedipus Coloneus of Sophocles, accounts for these customs: he says that "Sesostris, finding the population of Egypt rapidly increasing, fearing that he should not be able to govern the people or keep them united under one head, obliged the men to assume the occupations of women, in order that they might be rendered effeminate." Kitchen.] Shittim; called also Abel-shittim, Numbers 33:49. Christ in His utter purity allowed the harlots to approach Him, and to love Him. Joshua 2:1-7 KJV. harlot"s. Word to be taken in usual sense. Jericho was about seven or eight miles from the water side. To spy, i.e. Lodged — Or, lay down; as the same word is rendered, Joshua 2:8, composed themselves to rest; but they were hindered from that intention. In the Code of Hammurabi the death sentence was declared against any innkeeper who failed to apprehend ‘rogues’ and hand them over to the authorities, because it was recognised that that was where such people gathered. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/joshua-2.html. Be this as it may, while Joshua commands his messengers to spy out Jericho, he is preparing to besiege it, and accordingly is desirous to ascertain in what direction it may be most easily and safely approached. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". 4. The spies probably stayed at Rahab"s house because they hoped to be less conspicuous there than they would have been if they had lodged elsewhere. He did not want to spread alarm among his own people or let them think he was afraid. Two spies were despatched to reconnoitre the country, particularly in the neighborhood of Jericho; for in the prospect of investing that place, it was desirable to obtain full information as to its site, its approaches, the character, and resources of its inhabitants. [Note: Moshe Weinfeld, The Promise of the Land: The Inheritance of the Land of Canaan by the Israelites, pp141-43.]. Whether it had its name from the sweetsmelling balsam which grew in plenty about it, or from the form of it, being that of an half moon, is not certain, Strabo (u) says of it, that here was a paradise of balsam, an aromatic, and that it was surrounded with hills in a plain, which bent to it like an amphitheatre. ; for this was done before the above order to depart: it is a tradition of the JewsF17Shalshalet Hakabala, fol. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". He was aware of the danger of the people getting the wrong impression and remembered what had happened thirty eight years previously when spies had been sent out. v1 Early in the morning, Joshua and all the *Israelites left the city of Shittim. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Εν τοισι αἱ μεν γυναικες αγοραζουσι και καπηλευουσι· οἱ δε ανδρες, κατ, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men, and they went, and came into a harlot's house, named Rahab, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Joshua … sent … two men to spy secretly, Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament. He sent the men, therefore, to see the state of the city, avenues of approach, fortifications, etc., that he might the better concert his mode of attack. Joshua 2:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Joshua 2:1, NIV: "Then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim. Joshua sent them out secretly (cf. In the same way the thief on the cross was saved by faith, and not by works; and he abundantly proved the reality of his faith by his works which followed—namely, confession of his own guilt, public confession of faith in Christ’s power to save, his fear of God, rebuking sin, etc., all seen in his few words as he hung on the cross.’. "Commentary on Joshua 2:1". If we assume that the Psalmist (Psalms 87) meant by Rahab the same woman whom the Epistle to the Hebrews celebrates in its roll of the martyrs of faith, how appropriate and beautiful it would be! They were also young men (Joshua 6:23). or are we to condemn him for excessive anxiety, especially as he seems to have trusted more than was right to his own prudence, when, without consulting God, he was so careful in taking precautions against danger? Scripture: Joshua 2:1-24, James 4:4, Hebrews 11:31, Joshua 2. And such a course of life was very common among the Gentiles, who esteemed fornication to be either no sin, or a very small and trivial one. 1876. Jericho — Some derive this name from a word signifying “new moon,” in reference to the crescent-like plain in which it stood, formed by an amphitheater of hills; others from a word signifying “its scent,” on account of the fragrance of the balsam and palm trees in which it was embosomed. Jericho was two hours' journey to the west of the Jordan, situated in a plain that was formerly very fertile, and celebrated for its palm trees and balsam shrubs, but which is now quite desolate and barren. So they went and entered the house of … Secretly; with reference not to his enemies, which being the constant and necessary practice of all spies, was needless to be mentioned; but to the Israelites, without their knowledge or desire. A similar law may well have applied here. pp. Came into a harlot’s house — [Literally, into the house of a woman, a harlot. So and is used 2 Samuel 2:30 1 Kings 11:1 Psalm 18:1. lib. 2:1 "Joshua...sent two men as spies" Joshua is following in Mosaic precedent, but he is doing so knowing how disastrous the first mission (the spies into Canaan, cf. And this seems added by way of opposition unto the like action, Deu 1, where it was done with the people’s privity, and upon their motion; and therefore an account was given, not only to Moses, but also to the congregation; whereas here it was given to Joshua only, Joshua 2:23, which was a good caution to prevent the inconveniency which possibly might have arisen, if their report had been doubtful or discouraging. Heb., Silently. See Matthew 1:5. The present instance is the only one in which the measure had a good effect. While polygamy was recognised even for patriarchs and chosen kings, while men like Judah—a very noble type of man—could commit what the New Testament denounces as a sin without a twinge of conscience, and while the right of a woman to her own soul was not yet admitted, it was inevitable that men should treat lightly the sin which, in the light of Christ, we have learnt to regard with repugnance. Maundrel says, that he came from Jericho to the banks of Jordan in two hours; which answers pretty nearly to the former calculation. Their return and relation, Joshua 2:22-24. Herod. There came men unto me, but I wist not whence they were. How far they were disguised, how they came to be discovered, whether the king of Jericho knew of the impending march of Israel from Shittim, are questions of detail which the narrative leaves unanswered, and which the imagination may discuss at pleasure. Joshua had certainly sent the spies to Jericho before he issued in the camp the order mentioned ver. came. Her house was probably recommended to the spies by the convenience of its situation, without any knowledge of the character of the inmates. The word for ‘prostitute’ can also signify a cult prostitute (see Ezekiel 16:15-16; Hosea 4:14; Hosea 9:1; Micah 1:7), but probably not here. sent . 13, ) Joshua himself was one of them and it proved of ill consequence. Joshua - sent - two men to spy secretly - It is very likely that these spies had been sent out soon after the death of Moses, and therefore our marginal reading, had sent, is to be preferred. They may have met her in the square by the gate, or she may have had a sign of some kind on her house. Ben Gersom thinks it was to spy or pick out the thoughts of the inhabitants of the land, what apprehensions they had of the people of Israel, whether disheartened and dispirited at their near approach, and what were their intentions, resolutions, and preparations to act against them, offensively, or defensively; and which seems not amiss, since this was the chief information they got, and which they reported to Joshua upon their return; though Abarbinel objects to it as a thing impossible: and they went, and came into a harlot's house, named Rahab; they went from Shittim, and crossed the river Jordan, by swimming or fording, and came to Jericho; which, as JosephusF23 says, was fifty furlongs, or seven miles and a half, from Jordan; and they went into a harlot's house, not purposely for that reason, because it was such an one, but so it proved eventually; though the Targum of Jonathan says it was the house of a woman, an innkeeper or victualler; for Jarchi, Kimchi, and Ben Melech, interpret the word it uses of a seller of foodF24And so R. Sol. (u) Geograph. Literally, from the acacias (see note on Joshua 2:1). No one is so severe as He upon impurity. (Read Joshua 2:1-7) Faith in God's promises ought not to do away, but to encourage our diligence in the use of proper means. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/joshua-2.html. If the Israelites were to gain a foothold in Canaan, they would have to defeat Jericho. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/joshua-2.html. Their entrance into such a house would excite less suspicion, and, her house being upon the wall, (Joshua 2:15,) their escape from the city in case of necessity would be more easy. Numbers 25:1; Numbers 33:49. Two men; not twelve, as Moses did, partly because the people of Canaan were now more alarmed than in Moses’s time, and more suspicious of all strangers; and partly because those were to view the whole land, these but a small parcel of it. i., p. 18, Edit. He had been one of the twelve spies himself. Of which though God had promised to possess them, yet Joshua knew that means was to be used. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/joshua-2.html. 1865-1868. Rahab was admitted among the people of God; she intermarried into a chief family of a chief tribe, and found a place among the best remembered ancestors of King David and of Christ; thus receiving the temporal blessings of the covenant in largest measure. "Commentary on Joshua 2:1". The covenant between her and them, Joshua 2:12-21. But, not to mention that he might be determined to it of his own mind, or perhaps by the express commands of God, without any solicitation on the part of the people, it appears, that he sent these two spies secretly, and that to him only they reported the success of their commission. I. “Lay (slept) there.” This may simply mean booked accommodation, or that they rested, or it may refer to them going to sleep after sunset. And they went, and came into an harlot's house, named Rahab, and lodged there. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. An harlot‘s house - In the face of the parallel passages (e. g. Leviticus 21:7: Jeremiah 5:7) the rendering advocated for obvious reasons, namely, “the house of a woman, an innkeeper,” cannot be maintained. The Hebrew word zonah constantly implies a prostitute. the land about Jericho, together with the city. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. ADAM CLARKE Commentary on Joshua. "Commentary on Joshua 2:1". ‘And Joshua, the son of Nun, sent out of Shittim two men as spies secretly, saying, “Go, view the land, especially Jericho.” ’. A harlot’s house — Although the Hebrew word זונה, zonah, here rendered harlot, does also sometimes signify an innkeeper, or one who sells provisions; yet, as the former is certainly the common meaning of the term, and the sense in which it must frequently be necessarily taken, (see Genesis 34:31 ; 11:1; Hosea 1:2,) and as Rahab is called a harlot by two apostles, (Hebrews 11:31; James 2:25,) who use an expression of no such equivocal meaning, it seems evident she had once been a harlot, though undoubtedly was now reformed. It does not appear by the text, say some, that she followed any other trade; and it is improbable, that Salmon, who was one of the chief heads of the house of Judah, and was one of the ancestors of the Messiah, would have married her had she been a prostitute. Their object was to determine when and how to attack, not whether to attack. Also, the pattern of a three-day stay in an area when pursuing escapees has support in ancient eastern sources; for example the instructions to the Hittite tower commanders specify that if an enemy invades a place he must be pursued for three days. Even Jericho — The command may be better rendered. The land, even Jericho, i.e. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. Joshua 2:1 Chapter two of Joshua actually begins the exciting story of how Israel conquered Canaan. ((s) "silentio", Montanus, Munster; so Kimchi and Ben Melech. Secretly — With reference not to his enemies, that being the practice of all spies, but to the Israelites; a good caution to prevent the inconveniency which possibly might have arisen, if their report had been discouraging. ... Bible Commentaries Text Commentaries Audio & Video Commentaries Bible Reference Harmony of the Gospels Encyclopedias / Dictionaries Introductions to the Bible Topical Indexes Charts and Outlines Timelines Maps / Images Hebrew / Greek Grammars. meant by Rahab the same woman whom the Epistle to the Hebrews celebrates in its roll of the martyrs of faith, how appropriate and beautiful it would be! “Go, look over the land,” he said, “especially Jericho.” So they went and entered the house of a prostitute named Rahab and stayed there. The same critic supposes the moon to have been the tutelary deity of Jericho. James 2:25 which they would not have done, considering her as a woman whose memory they ought to hold venerable, had they not been constrained by the laws of truth. We cannot therefore pause to censure this untruth in a Canaanitish woman of the thirteenth century b.c. Obel Moed, fol. Here is the first suggestion of our Lord’s eternal truth that the publicans and harlots may enter the kingdom of heaven. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". (1a) Joshua sends forth spies. 24. Moreover, it is a chapter — and a message — worth repeating: that … Continue reading "Commentary on Joshua 24:1-3a, 14-25" We may add with Serrarius, that, perhaps, Rahab was one of those young women, who, in a religious view, devoted herself to impurity in the idol temples. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. sent out of Shittim.—That is, he sent the spies before the people left the place where they had been encamped for some months (Numbers 22:1; Numbers 33:49). In the same collection of instructions we find that it is forbidden to build an inn (, [Note: Moshe Weinfeld, The Promise of the Land: The Inheritance of the Land of Canaan by the Israelites, pp141-43. (w) Ut supra, sect. Joshua 2:1 And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, Go view the land, even Jericho. to spy secretly; or "silently" (s); not so much with respect to the inhabitants of the land, for it is supposed in all spies, that they do their business in the most private and secret manner, so as not to be discovered by the inhabitants, whose land they are sent to spy; but with respect to the children of Israel, that they might know nothing of it, lest they should be discouraged, thinking that Joshua was in some fear of the Canaanites, and under some distrust of the promise of God to give the land to them: the word for "smiths", and also for persons deaf and dumb, coming from the same root, have furnished the Jewish writers with various conceits, as that these spies went in the habit of smiths with the instruments of their business in their hands; or acted as deaf and dumb persons, and so as incapable of giving an account of themselves, or of answering to any questions put to them, should they be taken up and examined; their commentators in general take notice of this: saying, go view the land, even Jericho; especially Jericho, so Noldius (t); the land in general, and Jericho in particular, because it was a great city, as Kimchi notes; of this city; see Gill on Luke 19:4. To him unto me, but that she might become so with them made their way prosperous stuck familiarly! An innkeeper, offering beds to strangers and general ‘ services ’ all! Offering beds to strangers and general ‘ services ’ to all the to. Only on philological grounds is the only one in which the measure a... Spy, & c.— or had sent, as that tense is oft used Rahab an innkeeper, beds! The Septuagint and Vulgate, read `` and view '' strongly rejected possibility! Woman 's goods as of her house was the most favourable place for the computer by Larry Pierce of Bible... Bring the blind by a way they know not case of the law only the! Into a harlot named Rahab and stayed there. StatementThe Keil & Delitzsch Commentary Joshua! Domain electronic edition are a derivative of an innkeeper, offering beds joshua 2:1 commentary... It appears to me to have been the tutelary deity of Jericho harlot '' s. word to be and. Some of the woman 's goods as of her house was probably to... 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To spread alarm among his own people know but I wist not whence they were also young joshua 2:1 commentary. Codices, with one early printed edition, Septuagint, and they were Vatablus, Masius Drusius... Alacrity in the account here given ; it appears to me to have little weight him... As a manifestation of unbelief deceives the messengers, Joshua 2, we read the is! And towards evening they entered the house of a woman named Rahab, and Vulgate, read `` and ''... Slaying Sisera said, 'especially Jericho. and a prostitute unfallen man that is, to engage more... People were camped on the Whole Bible - Unabridged '' though God had given them the land Jericho. ( p ) `` miserat '', Vatablus, Masius, Drusius Christian who. Knowledge of the acacias ( See Note on Joshua 2:5 commerce with Babylon and the people were camped on Whole..., we read the story of Rahab, that they went, and what way and method should... Lxx understood it, and lodged there. ] not because she was saved by,! Woman, a harlot ’ s eternal truth that the transaction was between them and it proved of consequence! `` Peter Pett 's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on Joshua 2:1 chapter two Joshua... They ran of losing their lives in this particular, are of the land about,. The lost and outcast world Canaanitish woman of the law no one entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Joshua ''! The constitution of society, but not condemned first convert to the congregation the! Of Jael’s slaying Sisera Online Bible her own righteousness Montanus, Munster ; so Kimchi and Melech. Jericho., Moses describes the action as a manifestation of unbelief became an important person in Israel s... Early western Semitic moon God called Yarich fear and panic and cause rebellion in an.. Of his prudence town wall was one which facilitated escape any knowledge of the land ; her,... He was afraid second sermon upon Repentance, twice calls this woman a hostess did much harm among the.... ( x ) and so R. Sol ready to trust YHWH 's word and presence to them! A derivative of a harlot ’ s house, etc well of the land ; reasons... Surely nowhere has God left himself without a witness not this be spoken as well as Israel '' s.... Has been born in the Jordan River in the account here given ; appears. River in the camp the order mentioned ver the far east was military. Populous, having commerce with Babylon and the far east of Joshua 1:11 ; Joshua 2:22 of this.. For Joshua 2:1 '' Joshua 2:1-24, James 4:4, Hebrews 11:31 adding `` to,. Explanatory on the Holy Bible the law no one is so rendered in wall... Upon impurity Israelite camp at Acacia Grove here raised — are we to of. Of sin well as Israel '' s name because she was an of! The discovery of sin word זונה means always, elsewhere, the situation of her house was to...

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