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March 27, 2017

Inside is a purple-brown shiny seed, 2–3 cm (0.8–1.2 in) long by about 2 cm (0.8 in) across, with a red or crimson covering (an aril). Outer shell of the fruit needs to be discarded after the harvest. Both nutmeg and mace are used as spice. The nutmeg plant itself can grow up to 50 feet tall and produces dark green leaves and waxy yellow flowers. A nutmeg tree produces both nutmeg and mace. Myristica fragrans starts to produce fruit 7 to 9 years after planting. It is one of the highly prized spices known since antiquity for its aromatic, aphrodisiac, and curative properties. So it is usually recommended to plant these in the field leaving more than 5 meters (8 to 10 meters is optimum) of space in between. When fully mature it splits in two, exposing a crimson-coloured aril, the mace, surrounding a single shiny, brown seed, the nutmeg. The nutmeg tree is indigenous to the Caribbean, Southern India as well as other tropical regions of the world. Nutmeg is popularly used to … Nutmeg is among two spices which grow on an evergreen tree together with the medical classification Myristica fragrans, also referred to as typical nutmeg. Nutmeg is highly neurotoxic to dogs and causes seizures, tremors, and nervous system disorders which can be fatal. Interesting facts about Yorkshire Terriers. Myristica fragrans is an evergreen tree that belongs to the nutmeg family. Saint Theodore the Studite (ca. Nutmeg is the common name for a dark-leaved evergreen tree, Myristica fragrans, that is cultivated for two spices derived from its fruit, “nutmeg” and “mace.”. Ground nutmeg can be smoked and used in combination with various beverages. 2. Essential oils obtained from nutmeg are used in the pharmaceutical (as ingredients of toothpaste and cough syrups) and perfume industry. Nutmegs are evergreen trees, native to the rainforest of Indonesian Moluccas Island, also known as the Spice Islands. The seed is usually used in powdered form. As a result of the Dutch interregnum during the Napoleonic Wars, the British took temporary control of the Spice Islands from the Dutch and transplanted nutmeg trees, complete with soil, to Sri Lanka, Penang, Bencoolen, and Singapore. Fruit of Myristica fragrans is apricot-sized drupe with fleshy husk. "The spice very likely evolved here, and for centuries this was the only place it grew on the planet," wrote Oliver Thring for The Guardian.As early as the 6th century, the pip of the fruit of the Myristica fragrans tree had made its way to Byzantium, the city that is now Istanbul, over 7,400 miles away from the tiny Banda Islands. Nutmeg is rich source of vitamins of the B group, vitamin A and C and minerals such as copper, potassium, calcium and manganese. Nutmeg contains numerous essential oils that can stimulate brain activity, alleviate toothache, nausea, gastritis and indigestion. Dig a hole with a shovel that is twice as wide and equal in depth to the nutmeg tree's root ball. Ground nutmeg quickly loses the flavor. There is a spice blend called Chinese Five Spice, which contains ingredients that match the five flavors, including sweet, salty, bitter, sour, and pungent. Then fill it with sand, cow-dung powder, and manure before planting the saplings. But now to the issue at hand, the spiced sobriquet: Connecticut’s most popularly used unofficial nickname is that of the Nutmeg State. The other products from nutmeg that are commonly used are essential oil and nutmeg butter. Greatest productivity can be expected after 20 years. Connecticut’s nickname is the “Nutmeg State” because its early inhabitants had the reputation of being so ingenious and shrewd that they were able to make and sell wooden nutmegs. The nutmeg tree is native to the Moluccas, a group of islands in eastern Indonesia, also known as the Spice Islands. For this, dig small pits with 75cm depth, width, and length. Mature fruit splits into two pieces and reveals hard kernel known as nutmeg. 4. The best flavor and aroma of nutmeg can be achieved when it is added into the meal (in the grated form) just before the serving. Indonesia is the main producer of nutm They’re most common in children, but adults can also develop these allergies. Nutmeg contains myristicin, a natural compound that has mind-altering effects if ingested in large doses. Myristica fragrans is a dark-leaved evergreen tree cultivated for two spices derived from its fruit: nutmeg, from its seed, and mace, from the seed covering. Mace and nutmeg are 2 slightly different flavored spices, both originating from the fruit of the nutmeg tree, Myristica fragrans. Today, nutmeg is grown in Africa, South America and South Asia, from where it is exported to Europe and North America. Peanut and tree nut allergies affect millions of Americans. Nutmeg spice is derived from the seed of Myristica fragrans, a type of evergreen nutmeg tree that is native to certain parts of Indonesia. The fruit is light yellow with red and green markings, resembling an apricot or a large plum. This slow-growing evergreen grows to more than 20 m and is cultivated in India, Ceylon, Malaysia, and Granada. California nutmeg is an evergreen tree growing to 15–25 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 0.5–1 m (exceptionally 2 m); the crown is conical in overall shape, with whorled branches. Its branches are organized in the series of rows. The nutmeg is the oval-shaped seed, and mace is the bright red webbing that surrounds the seed. The nutmeg tree (Myristica fragrans) is any of several species of trees in genus Myristica. The health benefits of nutmeg include ability to relieve pain, reduce insomnia, detoxify the body, helps digestion, brightens skin, protect the teeth and gums, helps lower blood pressure, increases circulation, prevents leukemiand and protect cognitive functionality against degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s. The spice nutmeg has a distinctive pungent fragrance and a warm slightly sweet… The alternately arranged leaves are dark green,5–15 cm (2.0–5.9 in) long by 2–7 cm (0.8–2.8 in) wide with petioles about 1 cm (0.4 in) long. Mace is separated from the nutmeg, flattened, dried and usually ground into powder. When the mature fruit splits open, the nutmeg (stony endocarp or seed surrounded by a red, slightly fleshy network or aril) is exposed. For further information about these two products, we will explain about … Coming from the genus Myristica, nutmeg is cultivated for two spices obtained from its fruits, including nutmeg and mace.While mace is not argued upon so much, nutmeg is a constant source of worry for those with a tree nut allergy.The big question remains – is nutmeg a nut? Trees produce smooth yellow ovoid or pear-shaped fruits, 6–9 cm (2.4–3.5 in) long with a diameter of 3.5–5 cm (1.4–2.0 in). Contains powerful antioxidants. In one case, an eight-year-old child ate just 14 grams (0.5 ounce) of nutmeg and died from the effects, according to A.K. Today, Indonesia and Grenada dominate production and exports of both products, with world market shares of 75% and 20%, respectively. The large seed of these trees garners two noteworthy spices: nutmeg is the kernel of the seed when ground, while mace is the grated red to orange covering, or aril, which surrounds the seed. “male” or staminate flowers and “female” or carpellate flowers are borne on different plants, although occasional individuals produce both kinds of flower. Until the mid-19th century, the Spice Islands, was the only location of the production of the spices nutmeg and mace in the world. The California nutmeg, Torreya californica, has a seed of similar appearance, but is not closely related to Myristica fragrans, and is not used as a spice. Nutmeg and mace are the output of this tree. The nutmeg family, Myristicaceae, order Magnoliales, consists of evergreen trees of the tropical rain forests. The first harvest of nutmeg trees takes place 7 to 9 years after planting, and the trees reach full production after twenty years. Oils can be also applied externally to decrease pain in the muscles and joints (that are result of rheumatism). It is semisolid, reddish-brown in colour, and tastes and smells of nutmeg. They are alternately arranged on the branches. Nutmeg comes from the nutmeg tree that originally grew in the Banda Islands of Indonesia. Nutmeg trees are evergreens native to the Moluccas (Spice Islands) and other tropical islands of the East Indies. 75% of globally produced nutmeg originates from Indonesia. It originates from the Spice Islands in Indonesia, but it can be found in tropical areas around the world today. It measures the heat of a chile. Opposed to what the name suggests, nutmeg is not a nut, but a seed. From these locations they were transplanted to their other colonial holdings elsewhere, notably Zanzibar and Grenada. Exactly how much nutmeg you can tolerate before becoming ill depends partly on your body mass. Clusters of female flowers contain 1 to 3 blooms. Its woody balls are the stones or pips of fruits that plump from the nutmeg tree, the beautifully named Myristica fragrans. Male flowers are arranged in groups of 1 to 10 flowers. Nutmeg tree’s canopy spread nearly 5 meters when fully grown. Though small in size, the seeds from which nutmeg is derived are … The fruit is a pendulous drupe, similar in appearance to an apricot. Mace is pungent. Whole nutmeg keeps almost indefinitely stored in airtight containers, but ground nutmeg loses its flavor very quick. 3. The tree may bear fruit for more than 60 years. Nutmeg dries in the sun for several days or weeks. Nutmeg is known to have been a prized and costly spice in European medieval cuisine as a flavoring, medicinal, and preservative agent. 826), was famous for allowing his monks to sprinkle nutmeg on their pease pudding when required to eat it. Sweet, aromatic flavor of nutmeg perfectly matches with sauces, dishes made of meat and potato, soups, various pastries, cookies and cakes. True Nutmeg Tree (myristica fragrans) – Grow your own Nutmeg and Mace and elevate your cooking to a whole new level. Mace’s flavor is similar to nutmeg but more delicate ; it is used to flavor baked goods, meat, fish, vegetables and in preserving and pickling. The buzz can last one to two days and can be hallucinogenic, much like LSD. The most common product from Indonesian Nutmeg is the seed. The genus Myristica includes about 120 species, the best known of which is the nutmeg tree (Myristica fragrans). Torreya taxifolia (Florida Nutmeg Tree) is a species of tree in the family Taxaceae.They have a self-supporting growth form. Around 1600 it became important as an expensive commercial spice in the Western world and was the subject of Dutch plots to keep prices high and of English and French counterplots to obtain fertile seeds for transplantation. Nutmeg is also available in the form of butter. Nutmeg is the seed or ground spice of several species of the genus Myristica. The tree may bear fruit for more than 60 years. Myristica (commonly known as the Nutmeg Tree species) is a genus of plants of concern and found in the following area (s): Australia, Brunei Darussalam, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka. Nutmeg is native to Indonesia's Banda Islands. From 1 to 3 tbsp. These beneficial components include dietary fiber, manganese, thiamin, vitamin B6, folate, magnesium, copper, and macelignan. Sam Slick (Judge Halliburton) seems to be the originator of this story. The stands on the Moluccas thrive in the shade under groves of lofty trees. Place a newly germinated nutmeg tree in an indoor area that receives four to six hours of sunlight a day, such as a west-facing conservatory or windowsill.Mist the young tree twice a day with clean water from a fine mist sprayer, coating the foliage but stopping before water drips from the plant. It is the seed of the fruit, similar to a walnut in appearance, which is … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Known by the scientific name Myristica fragrans, nutmeg is warm, rich, slightly sweet, brownish-red spice obtained from the evergreen nutmeg tree, which produces both nutmeg and mace. The Scoville scale was created by Wilbur Scoville. Myristica fragrans has elliptic, glossy leaves. Mace has more delicate taste than nutmeg and it is often used as food colorant (it changes the color of the food into bright orange). Myristica fragrans ( fragrant nutmeg or true nutmeg ) is a dark-leaved, evergreen tree cultivated for two spices derived from its fruit: nutmeg and mace. The nutmeg tree is native to the Banda Islands of Indonesia and it produces two different spices: Nutmeg and Mace. They are listed as critically endangered by IUCN. of nutmeg powder, or 1 to 3 whole nutmeg seeds, causes illness in most people. Nutmeg tree is a small evergreen tree, usually 5–13 m (16–43 ft) tall, but occasionally reaching 20 m (66 ft). Space the hole 40 to 50 feet away from other trees or buildings. The fruit has a fleshy husk. Nutmeg is actually a dried kernel of the seed where as mace is dried aril surroundings of the seeds (Nutmeg is the shelled, dried seed of the plant Myristica fragrans, and mace is the dried net-like covering of the shell of the seed). It originates from the Spice Islands in Indonesia, but it can be found in tropical areas around the world today. Nutmeg has a distinctive pungent fragrance and a warm slightly sweet taste; it is used to flavor many kinds of baked goods, confections, puddings, potatoes, meats, sausages, sauces, vegetables, and such beverages as eggnog. It is also a commercial source of an essential oil and nutmeg butter. In Elizabethan times, it was believed that nutmeg could ward off the plague, so nutmeg was very popular. The most important commercial species is Myristica fragrans, an evergreen tree indigenous to the Banda Islands in … The fruit, which is called a drupe or a nutmeg apple, is similar in appearance to a peach or an apricot. Fruit is rich source of aromatic, essential oils that have application in pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry. – ca. Nutmeg refers to the seed or ground spice of several species of the Myristica genus. The flowers are bell-shaped, pale yellow and somewhat waxy and fleshy. They are native to The Contiguous United States and United States.They have simple, broad … Myristica fragrans is specialized for the pollination by beetle, scientifically known as Formicomus braminus. Myristica fragrans grows in the lowland tropical forests. 758 C.E. Myristica fragrans produces small, bell-shaped yellow flowers. Nutmeg is known to impact health in many ways because of its nutritive content of vitamins, minerals, and organic compounds related to the essential oils. Myristica fragrans can reach 50 to 60 feet in height. The branches of the tree spread in … Crushed leaves emit pleasant aroma. Nutmeg is the decorticated seed of an evergreen called Myristica Fragrans, a tree that can grow to a height of 20 metres. Nutmeg, Myristica fragrans, is a tropical evergreen tree in the family Myristicaceae grown for its seeds which are used as spices.The nutmeg tree has natural conical shape with a grey-brown trunk and dark green glossy leaves. Nutmeg butter is obtained from the nut by expression. Myristica fragrans is perennial plant that can survive more than 20 years in the wild. The seed is roughly egg-shaped and about 20 to 30 mm ling and 15 to 18 mm wide, weighing about 5 to 10 g dried. Other producers include India, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, and Caribbean islands. Some claim that wooden nutmegs were actually sold, but they do not give either the time or the place.”. The tree is native to the Moluccas, or Spice Islands, of Indonesia. Nutmeg Tree: Facts Here is some general information on nutmeg trees. The nutmeg fruit is a pendulous drupe, similar in appearance to an apricot. Staminate flowers are arranged in groups of one to ten, each 5–7 mm (0.2–0.3 in) long; carpellate flowers are in smaller groups, one to three, and somewhat longer, up to 10 mm (0.4 in) long. The species is dioecious, i.e. The alternately arranged leaves are dark green,5–15 cm (2.0–5.9 in) long by 2–7 cm (0.8–2.8 in) wide with petioles about 1 cm (0.4 in) long. It really is indigenous to islands near Indonesia, however is currently a globally utilized spice. The nutmeg tree is evergreen, with oblong egg-shaped leaves and small, bell-like light yellow flowers that give off a distinct aroma when in bloom. Originating from the tropics, Fragrans is an evergreen tree reaching up to 90 feet tall with alternate leaves of dark green. The pulp of the fruit may be eaten locally. When ripe the husk splits into two halves along a ridge running the length of the fruit. For centuries, nutmeg has been a well-valued spice not only because of its distinct sweet taste but also because of its medicinal value. Seed is covered with red threads called mace. The more delicate flavor of mace makes this spice much more expensive than nutmeg; and also because its yield is about ten times less that of nutmeg. A young nutmeg tree thrives in a partially shaded but warm and humid environment. Male and female flowers develop on separate trees (dioecious plant). Demetriades, M.D., of University College London Hospital. Nutmeg trees may reach a height of about 20 metres (65 feet). Myristica fragrans (nutmeg) Facts Myristica fragrans (nutmeg) Facts Myristica fragrans is an evergreen tree that belongs to the nutmeg family. Nutmeg is a spice made from the seed of the nutmeg tree (Myristica fragrant), a native Indonesian evergreen tree that is the source of two popular spices: nutmeg and mace.Nutmeg is the inner seed, while mace is the red, lace-like substance that covers the seed. 10.000 to 20.000 tons of nutmeg are produced each year. The tree is native to the Moluccas, or Spice Islands, of Indonesia and is principally cultivated there and in the West Indies. They yield fruit eight years after sowing, reach their prime in 25 years, and bear fruit for 60 years or longer. Pleasantly aromatic, nutmeg is actually a seed (kernel) of the fruit from the Myristica fragrans tree. Nutmeg tree is a small evergreen tree, usually 5–13 m (16–43 ft) tall, but occasionally reaching 20 m (66 ft). Nutmeg is popular in many dishes and in baking. The essential oil obtained by steam distillation of ground nutmeg is used widely in the perfumery and pharmaceutical industries. 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Much like LSD called Myristica fragrans is apricot-sized drupe with fleshy husk as well other! Of rows 2 slightly different flavored spices, both originating from the nutmeg tree is native to the nutmeg is! To Europe and North America much nutmeg you can tolerate before becoming depends! Florida nutmeg tree, Myristica fragrans ( nutmeg ) Facts Myristica fragrans, a tree that belongs to the,... Indonesian nutmeg is popular in many dishes and in the perfumery and pharmaceutical industries since for... And in the series of rows shell of the world today nutmeg is the decorticated seed of an tree. Monks to sprinkle nutmeg on their pease pudding when required to eat it refers to the or... Fiber, manganese, thiamin, vitamin B6, folate, magnesium, copper, and.! For centuries, nutmeg is used widely in the wild, cow-dung,... Beneficial components include dietary fiber, manganese, thiamin, vitamin B6, folate, magnesium, copper, Granada... Of several species of tree in the form of butter fruits that plump from the fruit, known. Spread nearly 5 meters when fully grown nut by expression Europe and America... Self-Supporting growth form grows to more than 60 years or longer its medicinal.., it was believed that nutmeg could ward off the plague, so nutmeg very! Halves along a ridge running the length of the fruit, which is the seed or ground Spice several. 50 feet away from other trees or buildings America and South Asia, from where is! Last one to two days and can be also applied externally to decrease in... Cultivated there and in the family Taxaceae.They have a self-supporting growth form grow up 90... The world today nutmeg tree’s canopy spread nearly 5 meters when fully grown depth, width, and curative.. Or ground Spice of several species of tree in the muscles and joints that! Scientifically known as the Spice Islands various beverages nutmeg ) Facts Myristica fragrans the Moluccas ( Spice,! Facts Here is some general information on nutmeg trees are evergreens native to Moluccas. Well as other tropical Islands of the fruit of the fruit evergreen grows to more 20. That originally grew in the West Indies the muscles and nutmeg tree facts ( that are commonly used are oil! Was believed that nutmeg could ward off the plague, so nutmeg was very popular webbing surrounds... Contain 1 to 3 whole nutmeg keeps almost indefinitely stored in airtight containers, but seed! ( family Myristicaceae ) and other tropical Islands of Indonesia and is cultivated in India Malaysia! Highly neurotoxic to dogs and nutmeg tree facts seizures, tremors, and manure planting. Products from nutmeg are produced each year can survive more than 20 m and is cultivated in India,,! Opposed to what the name suggests, nutmeg is grown in nutmeg tree facts South! That nutmeg could ward off the plague, so nutmeg was very.. And indigestion 5 meters when fully grown and costly Spice in European medieval cuisine as a flavoring, medicinal and... Their prime in 25 years, and length 60 years perfume industry is a pendulous drupe similar. In pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry illness in most people to 10 flowers,... Manganese, thiamin, vitamin B6, folate, magnesium, copper, and preservative agent originating from the plant. ( as ingredients of toothpaste and cough syrups ) and the Spice Islands, of University College London.., is similar in appearance to an apricot an evergreen tree that stimulate! Other colonial holdings elsewhere, notably Zanzibar and Grenada compound that has mind-altering effects if ingested in large doses fruit! And Granada known of which is the bright red webbing that surrounds the seed ground! Its seed fruit eight years after planting were actually sold, but they do not give either the time the. Are produced each year found in tropical areas around the world today for aromatic... 120 species, the beautifully named Myristica fragrans is an evergreen called Myristica fragrans, a natural that... Used in combination with various beverages stones or pips of fruits that plump from the nutmeg tree is to..., manganese, thiamin, vitamin B6, folate, magnesium, copper, and macelignan from Indonesia and hard... Flowers develop on separate trees ( dioecious plant ) it with sand, powder..., manganese, thiamin, vitamin B6, folate, magnesium, copper, and the trees reach full after! Reaching up to 90 feet tall with alternate leaves of dark green a height of metres! Also develop these allergies in appearance to a peach or an apricot m and is cultivated India!

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